外刊直播第一课|逐词逐句细分析——经济学人Water:All Dried Up

编者按

您好,这是飚记英语第394篇

为了让大家对我的外刊直播课有更直接的了解,我把第一节公益直播课发在这里,读者(先不说英语层次,在我看来,高中学生都可以看,高一会吃力些,但我基本是逐句逐词讲解)

外刊第一期我会长期坚持下去,我也是想自我提高。第一期公益直播在爱心群(qq群:264883904,经常满员),录播和笔记测试卷等在沪江直播间(文中有说明,先要在电脑上或手机上下载软件,搜cctalk即可,测试在笔记后面附,不单独成立文件了)

祝读者暑假学习愉快。

第一课外刊原文:

第二课外刊原文预习:

直播视频:

如何在cctalk上观看

后面的系列课程怎么看,去我的沪江(也就是cctalk)直播间里看录播,包括笔记等。先要在电脑上或手机上下载软件,搜cctalk即可(直播第一期都在爱心群里进行)第一期直播间里还有12节新概念二提炼课,总共24节,收费24元,此价仅仅是让您熟悉付费流程。

外刊直播第一课|逐词逐句细分析——经济学人Water:All Dried Up

外刊直播第一课|逐词逐句细分析——经济学人Water:All Dried Up

外刊直播第一课|逐词逐句细分析——经济学人Water:All Dried Up

外刊课lesson 1视频笔记

1. endure|ɪnˈdjʊə(r), American-ˈdʊər|

transitive verb忍耐

to endure doing [something] 忍受做某事

She could not endure the thought of parting.

一想到分别她就无法忍受。

enduring |ɪnˈdjʊərɪŋ, American-ˈdʊə-|adjective持续的

enduring memories 永存的记忆

long-lasting

permanent

constant

What is the reason for the game’s enduring appeal?

这种游戏为什么具有经久不衰的吸引力呢?

联想:

is afflicted by; is haunted by被困扰

be tortured by

2. 形容环境的恶劣:

choking smog, mass destruction of habitats and food poisoned with heavy metals

be choked with

Smog is a major problem in Athens.烟雾是雅典的一个主要问题。

Destroyàdestruction

Habitat (动植物的)生长地,栖息地

•With so many areas of woodland being cut down, a lot of wildlife is losing its natural habitat.大片林地被砍伐,很多野生动物在失去它们的天然栖息地。

3. scarcity |ˈskeəsəti|

Countable and uncountable(shortage) 匮乏(inadequate supply) 供不应求

[+ of ]

the scarcity of employment opportunities

就业机会的短缺

4. exaggerate |ɪgˈzædʒəreɪt|夸张;夸大;言过其实:

The hotel was really filthy and I’m not exaggerating.

我不是夸张,这旅店真的很脏。

He tends to exaggerate the difficulties.

他往往夸大困难。

5. stock(typical) 常见的‹character, theme, scene›

外刊直播第一课|逐词逐句细分析——经济学人Water:All Dried Up

6. Placid |ˈplæsɪd|adjective

1.(equable) 平和的‹person, nature, smile›; 安静的‹baby›; 温驯的‹animal›

2.(calm and peaceful) 平静的‹sea, conditions›

7. The national averagehides an even more alarming regional disparity.

句型:sth. Hides an even more alarming ….

di·spar·i·tynoun

〔两个或两个以上事物之间的〕不同,不平等,差异;

▪ [+ in / between ]

a disparity between the rates of pay for men and women

男女工资的差异

8. Four fifths分数如何表达?

基数词+序数词(有复数)

9. notably显著地,尤其=especially

10. be associated with

11. China is using up water at an unsustainable rate.

Use up

Sustain |səˈsteɪn|

transitive verb

(maintain) 维持‹interest, friendship, life,economy›; 使…持续‹sound, interest,campaign›

a sustained effort 不断的努力

sustainable能维持的‹growth,rate›; 可持续发展的‹market, economy›可持续性的‹agriculture, farming,forestry, energy, future›

sustainable development 可持续发展

12. China is polluting whatlittle water it has left.

What little…

13. the cradleof Chinese civilization

Cradle摇篮

14. The water available for use is thus atrocious.

Be available for

15. Water shortages also imperil plans to expand energy production, threatening economic growth.

imperil|ɪmˈperəl|

transitive verb(present participle etc.-ll-British, -l-American) 危及‹life, project,future›

Tax increases now might imperil economic recovery.

目前提高税收可能会危及经济的复苏。

16. The best answer would be to improve the efficiency with which water is used.

17. dump倾倒

18. be reluctant to不情愿

19. backlash |ˈbæklæʃ|

nounCountable(reaction) 强烈反对

a backlash against [something] 对某事物的强烈反对

20. Rather than making sensible and eminently doable reforms in pricing and water conservation, China is focusing on increasing supplies.

表达如何做某事,往往是这一个样子的:

Rather than doing…, 主句

Instead of doing…, 主句

21. doable |ˈduːəbl|

adjectivecolloquial可行的

the task is doable 该任务可以完成

22.

|ˈsensəbl|adjective

1.(showing common sense) 明智的‹person, idea, choice›

it is sensible (for [somebody]) to do … (某人)做…是妥当的

2.(practical) 实用的‹clothing, footwear›

3.predicative formal or literary(aware) 意识到的

to be sensible of orto [something] 知道某事

23. eminent|ˈemɪnənt|

adjective

1.(distinguished) 名声显赫的‹scholar, scientist, politician›

2.(evident) 杰出的‹qualities, virtues, achievements› =distinguished

24. be due to预期应到的

to be due «event» 预期发生«train,traveller» 预期到达

to be due to do [something] 预定做某事

25. parched|pɑːtʃt|

adjective

1.干枯的‹soil, skin, lips›; 干渴的‹tongue,mouth›

2.predicative colloquial(thirsty) 口渴的

to be parched 口干舌燥

26. When finished, 3 000km of tunnels and canals will have been drilled through mountains, across plains and under rivers.

连词+分词

介词的使用

27. ambitious有雄心的

28. controversial有争议的

29. fragile脆弱的

30. plateau平原

31. be intended to 被用来

32. desalinate脱盐

33.equivalent |ɪˈkwɪvələnt|noun相等物

the equivalent of [something] 相当于某物的东西

34. predilection nounC formal/ˌpriːdɪˈlekʃn/偏爱,嗜好(尤指有点不寻常的事物)

•a predilection for silly love songs 对痴情情歌的偏爱

35. hit the limits of

36. be bound to一定

37. have an impact on对……有影响

38. The water crisis is driving China to desperate but ultimately unhelpful measures.

文章缩写:用来解决水污染问题

巩固练习

一、缩写文章(可以直接用在水污染作文里)

答案:

China endures choking smog, mass destruction of habitats and food poisoned with heavy metals. This is not exaggeration.

The water pollutionhides an even more alarming fact. China is using up water at an unsustainable rate, which is polluting what little water it has left. For example, the Yellow River is often called the cradle ofChinese civilization, but the water available for use is atrocious. As a result, water shortages imperil plans to expand energy production, threatening economic growth.

The best answer would be to improve the efficiency with which water is used. However, rather than making sensible and eminently doable reforms in pricing and water conservation, some places is focusing on increasing supplies and focus on giant engineering projects. It only makes mattersworse, causing us to hit the limits of our water resources.

二、翻译填空

endure ____________

enduring ____________

choking smog ____________

mass destruction ____________

habitat ____________

heavy metals ____________

scarcity ____________

exaggerate ____________

stock ____________

Placid ____________

disparity ____________

notably ____________

be associated with ____________

at an unsustainable rate ____________

Use up ____________

the cradle of Chinese civilization ____________

be available for ____________

imperil ____________

expand energy production____________

threaten economic growth ____________

improve the efficiency ____________

____________倾倒

____________不情愿

____________对某事物的强烈反对

____________可行的

____________明智的

____________名声显赫的

____________预期应到的

____________干枯的

____________有雄心的

____________有争议的

____________脆弱的

____________平原

____________ to 被用来

____________脱盐

____________相等物

____________偏爱,嗜好

____________一定

____________对……有影响

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